Thursday, February 6, 2020

Responce to Intervention (RTI) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Responce to Intervention (RTI) - Essay Example student progress in response to the instruction and interventions and using these measures of student progress to shape instruction and make educational decisions (Klotz and Kanter, 2007, p. 1). RTI is in line with the provisions of the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) which promotes equity, accountability and excellence in education for students with disabilities along with the debate on how to identify students as learning disabled (LD) and the need for special education of these students. According to Cortiella, of the 6 million children in special education, half of those are identified as having a â€Å"specific learning disability† and the number has grown more than 300 percent since 1976 thus policy makers have consistently expressed concern about the substantial number of students being served as LD under IDEA (2006, p.5). Research suggested that the prior methods of identifying students’ eligibility for special education services requires students to fall behind or accumulate failure for a long period of time even though recent studies show that the more a student is delayed the more help he or she will need close the achievement gap. Before the advent of RTI, the U.S. Department of Education crafted the regulations to implement the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act which needed to provide a process and criteria for identifying students in the category of specific learning disability (Cortiella, 2006, p. 5). Educators then used the ability-achievement discrepancy model, which requires children to take ability or IQ tests and academic achievement tests, comparison of standard scores and the recognition of a severe discrepancy between the child’s achievement score and ability score. The IDEA law enacted on 2004 also provides grants to states, discretionary grants for research, technology and training. This act also authorizes up to 15% of IDEA funds to be used

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

My Ántonia, Individualism Essay Example for Free

My à ntonia, Individualism Essay (Individualism: Its Influence over Lena, Jim and à ntonia During Their Childhood, Adolescence and Adulthood) â€Å"The longest journey is the journey inwards. Of him who has chosen his destiny, Who has started upon his quest for the source of his being† Dag Hammarskjold.1 This individualist journey, Hammarskjold refers to, consists of two very important elements which contribute to individualism: (1) having the awareness of personal accountability before the Lord and Savior and (2) having a self-sufficient nature as a fountainhead of a person’s individuality which was required to settle the American frontier. These key ingredients mixed with an untamed land tempered the settlers into what we know them today as Americans which may be observed within Willa Cather’s My Antonia as the reader follows the lives of three key characters: Lena, Jimmy, and Antonia. Cather herself searched for her own individualism which she juxtaposed in this 1918 literary work with the character Jimmy. Both he and the author of the story were born in Virginia and at an early age were sent to Nebraska to join their grandparents. And much like the author, he had the pleasure of growing up with a variety of immigrants and stories. Such narratives inspired the author throughout her writing career. My Antonia follows the endeavors of the female protagonist, Antonia, and her foil, Lena, as they struggle in a new country, language, and culture seeking happiness and fulfillment in their lives which Cather so often observed in her childhood immigrant neighbors. Likewise, the reader learns about Jimmy with his own personal struggles as he strives for autonomy in a rugged territory with strict moral codes. Willa Cather’s My à ntonia addresses the notion of individualism which is best seen through direct and indirect characterization of three dynamic characters: Lena, Jimmy, and à ntonia by means of analyzing three stages of life: childhood, youth, and adulthood. A remarkable example of individualistic growth is depicted in Lena Lingard who lived in the countryside with her newly transplanted Norwegian family outside Black Hawk, Nebraska. The reader first encounters Lena through direct characterization as she is described as being â€Å"bareheaded and barefooted, scantily dressed in tattered clothing† (106)2 when she was just a child looking after her family’s herd. In the first part of the book she is introduced as a wild, poorly dressed working girl in charge of farm tasks much like other foreign girls: â€Å"Lena lived in the Norwegian settlement west of Squaw Creek, and she used to herd her fathers cattle in the open country between his place and the Shimerdas† (106). Further along in the novel, there is a clear change in this character’s life. She grows-up and changes her worn out rags for dressmaker quality clothing with hat and gloves as she begins a new phase in her life as a dressmaker’s apprentice in the town of Black Hawk: â€Å"’So you have come to town,’ said Mrs. Harling, her eyes still fixed on Lena.  ´Where are you working?’  ´For Mrs. Thomas, the dressmaker. She is going to teach me to sew. She says I have quite a knack’† (104). As a young adult, Lena strikes-out on her own to the city of Lincoln in a supreme final exhibition of the independence she has forged for herself throughout her life through hard work and determination. â€Å"‘I live in Lincoln now, too, Jim. Im in business for myself. I have a dressmaking shop in the Raleigh Block, out on O Street. Ive made a real good start’ (170-171). The path Lena has walked since her childhood, through her adolescence, and then adulthood has illustrated a noticeable achievement in becoming a self-sufficient young woman who quested for her destiny in an untamed land far from her native home. Lena’s personal accountability should also be explored, being one of the key elements of individualism, as she never turned her back on her family but always sent them money from her sewing work: â€Å"’After I learn to do sewing, I can make money and help . . . [my mother]’† (104). These individualistic elements were key in developing her character as she was noted in taking care of herself as well as her parents and siblings which was required of those immigrants who founded America and became a new breed of people known as Americans. Individualism was also reached by two other primary characters within this classic American literature novel: Jimmy and Antonia. Jim Burden, the narrator of the story and also one of the major characters of Willa Cather ´s My Antonia, is as well and important example of how a human being can evolve trough his life to find completeness and self-sufficiency. At the beginning of the book, Jim had just suffered the loss of his parents; and sent to his grandparents. While he was in the train on his way to Nebraska he was in deep grieve and uncertain about his future. â€Å" ´ I dont think I was homesick. If we never arrived anywhere, it did not matter. Between that earth and that sky I felt erased, blotted out. I did not say my prayers that night: here, I felt, what would be would be ´Ã¢â‚¬ . Nevertheless, that sad passage in his life did not let Jim down. In the same train that he was travelling there was a Bohemian family. One of the members of that family was à ntonia Shimerda, who would become his best friend in the near future. When Jim had enough age to start studying at School, coincidentally his grandparents also had to move to Black Hawk due to Mrs. Burden health situation. There he met new friends, worked hard on his studies, and also had fun. Despite being sad and scared in the past, Jim managed to overcome these difficulties and successfully improve at school. So much so, that soon he would move to Lincoln to start his college career. There he met Gaston Cleric who joined him in his new adventure, and helped Jim to get over some obstacles that he had to face while living in Lincoln. â€Å"At the university I had the good fortune to come immediately under the influence of a brilliant and inspiring young scholar. Gaston Cleric had arrived in Lincoln only a few weeks earlier than I . . .† (165). Cleric also convinced him to move to Boston to finish his career, where Jim would finally reach his goal of becoming a professional. â€Å"Two years after I left Lincoln I completed my academic course at Harvard. Before I entered the Law School I went home for the summer vacation.† (191) Just after getting his college degree, Jim travelled back to Black Hawk where he would find everything different, his friends either dead or gone, the kids were not the same, and even the town itself was all changed. He left Black Hawk being an adolescent with dreams and now he had returned as a professional. He felt he was complete, despite of the fact that he still had very present that sorrowful night in which he was moving from Virginia to Nebraska. â€Å" ´I had only to close my eyes to hear the rumbling of the wagons in the dark, and to be again overcome by that obliterating strangeness. The feelings of that night were so near that I could reach out and touch them with my hand. I had the sense of coming home to myself, and of having found out what a little circle mans experience is ´. (238)† By the time he came back to Black Hawk he knew that he had seized the opportunities he had and felt that his life had been worthy living. While back in town, he went to visit his beloved friend à ntonia, which also was happy. The happenings in Antonia’s life, and how she evolved from being a little girl in a foreign country to the women she became will be thoroughly developed next. à ntonia Shimerda is the main character that we find in Willa Cather’s My à ntonia. As well as Lena and Jim she is characterized during different stages of her life (childhood, adolescence and adulthood). One example of this characterization is portrayed in how à ntonia was developing her new language (English) and how it was influenced by the different periods of time she went through, as well as the places she moved to. At the beginning of the story we find à ntonia and her family moving from Bohemia to the prairie of Nebraska. In the prairie and as a child she met Lena Lingard and Jim Burden who would become one of the most important persons in her life. Jim was going to be the one in charge of teaching English to à ntonia who did not speak much English before the arrival to the prairie; â€Å" ´Ãƒ ntonia had opinions about everything, and she was soon able to make them known. Almost every day she came running across the prairie to have her reading lesson with me. Mrs. Shimerda grumbled, but realized it was important that one member of the family should learn English’† (24). It is evident that Mrs. Shimerda did not like the idea of à ntonia learning English. But, she understood it was important for à ntonia to learn the language in order to adapt herself and to find herself in her new country and home, also this would help à ntonia to take care of her family as she felt it as an obligation. As à ntonia was evolving her English was growing with her and with this some traits of her personality too. As explained before in the paper, Jim had to move to Black Hawk due to study reasons, but it was not going to be a long time before à ntonia also moved to Black Hawk, but with different intentions from one’s of Jim. à ntonia moved to Black Hawk to get a job, here she runs into Jim and Lena again. Now in her adolescence Jim says that à ntonia has very good English, â€Å"Tony learned English so quickly that by the time school began she could speak as well as any of us† (107). This shows that à ntonia kept practicing English to improve herself, as she felt that was one way to become better to help her family, and now in Black Hawk and with her job it was evident how the improvement in her English helped her. However, à ntonia would began to attend to dances with her friend Lena and this would carry a lot of problems with it for her, including losing her job because she did not want to quit attending to dances as requested by her bosses. The story carried on and further ahead in the story, when Jim comes back from Lincoln and the time he spent at Harvard to finish his studies, he finds a happily married grown-up à ntonia with children. à ntonia had married a bohemian guy called Anton and now she has a family, and she is very happy with them. While Jim is talking with à ntonia, he notices that her English has become bad as it used to be when she was a child and she was learning it. à ntonia tells him that now she has many troubles with English because at home they speak almost only in Bohemian,  ´I cant think of what I want to say, youve got me so stirred up. And then, Ive forgot my English so. I dont often talk it any more. I tell the children I used to speak real well. She said they always spoke Bohemian at home. The little ones could not speak English at all—didnt learn it until they went to school† (224). Now in her adulthood à ntonia was really worried and a good mother as well as a good wife who take care of her family. Here is where the change that à ntonia suffered from childhood to adolescence to adulthood is characterized, how she passed from a little girl to a loving mother. Throughout this essay three fundamental characters that we find in the novel My à ntonia by the author Willa Cather have been characterized, these characters are: Lena Lingard, Jim Burden and à ntonia Shimerda. The characterization of these characters has been done under the perception of individualism that is represented with each one of them. This perception of individualism of the characters has been shown based on the pursuit for autonomy that each character went through. At the same time three different moments in characters lives were chosen to describe them; the childhood, adolescence and adulthood. These moments in characters lives were chosen because they are prior important stages in a person’s life. So, it was important to illustrate how the notion of individualism of each character could be characterized in these stages, taking into account crucial aspects that the characters faced in the search for themselves. Examples of these important aspects faced by the characters are a new country, language and culture in the case of Lena and à ntonia. Another example is the personal struggles of Jim as he attempts for autonomy in a rugged territory with strict moral codes.

Monday, January 20, 2020

Kudler Fine Foods Database Analysis Essay -- Business Database Invento

Kudler Fine Foods Database Analysis Overview Kudler Fines Foods is a rapidly growing small business located in Southern California. Founded in 1998, Kudler specializes in providing quality gourmet foods to a wide range of customers. When Kudler opened its first store back in 1998, Microsoft Access was chosen as the database platform used to track inventory, orders and customers. While this initially proved to be an adequate solution, it has since outgrown its usefulness. Now with three stores and a fourth due to open soon, a new database management system must be put into place. One of the most detrimental problems with the Microsoft Access database is that it is limited to a file size of only two gigabytes. While this may initially seem like a large files size, it can rapidly grow and eventually reach this maximum size in a relatively short amount of time. This one drawback alone is reason enough to pursue a better solution. Another aspect of Microsoft Access that does not scale well is that it will not accommodate multiple users simultaneously. The database needs to be updated continuously by multiple users at each store. Running one instance of Microsoft SQL Server 2000 in a centralized location could easily handle the database needs of all of the store locations. Connections to the database could be made via Virtual Private Network (VPN) connections over the Internet. Updates to the database can be further streamlined by developing and utilizing a web based interface. The best solution for Kudler Fine Foods would be to implement an enterprise level database solution. Microsoft SQL Server 2000 would be a great fit for the database needs of Kudler Fine Foods. Microsoft SQL Server 2000 will easily meet the current needs of Kudler Fine Foods and also meet their needs of the future as they continue their growth. Existing Database Overview Currently the Kudler database contains nine tables. Each table is designed to support and facilitate the filling of orders placed by customers in the stores. Based upon the description of the tables that was posted on Kudler’s intranet and our analysis, the tables may be described in the following manner: The Customer table contains demographic data for each of Kudler’s customers. The data in this table is used to access the name and address of customers for order processing and for special maili... ... in Windows NT would automatically change and update the SQL Server password. If separate logins are desired, they will also be possible with the Mixed Authentication offered through Microsoft SQL Server 2000. The security settings will be able to be further customized by the use of permissions and roles. A permission allows a user to do something within the database, whether it is accessing and manipulating data or creating new objects within the database. These settings can be individualized, or given to a group of users by roles. Grouping the users into roles, either server or database roles, allows a way to assign permissions to multiple users at one time. For example, a salesperson would not have the same permissions as a manager probably would. Conclusion   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The changes and updates that we have outline throughout this paper would greatly improve and enhance Kudler’s operations. This would be a much more effective, efficient database that would not only serve them well today, but allow for growth for tomorrow. References – Retrieved on June 3, 2005, on the World Wide Web:   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Tone Realization And Tone Improvisation Of Young Children Education Essay

The principle of the scrutinize was to look into the consequence of marimbas harmonic concomitant on the tone realisation and tone improvisation of immature kids [ aged eight ] .It provide the kids cognitive development, multiple intelligence accent on music and bodily kinaesthetic intelligence which will affect auditory, ocular and kinaesthetic stimulations. It entails rhythmic development, music amptitude which test the consequence of harmonic concomitant on music development and music amptitude kids vocal development and eventually the consequence of harmonic concomitant on singing achievement.Even though consequence based on research on singing accomplishment between the kids which had song direction with a root tune concomitant had no important on tone attainment harmonizing to Gordon ‘s ( 1982 ) IMMA, there was significance consequence on singing accomplishment between kids who received song direction with root tune accompaniment.Xylophones which comes from a Grecian word ‘xylon'meaning wooden sound.It is from percussion household of musical instrument which is believed to hold originated from Africa and Asia but now found around the continents. Cognitive development is the doing up of thoughts procedures, these include doing determination of your ain, work outing a job and retrieving through different phases of human being.Piaget ‘s theory ( 1896-1980 ) of cognitive development analyze how childen respond to their natural environment.As Atherton ( 2010 ) continues to construct on Jean Piaget theory, he describes a kid ‘s cognition as composed of scheme which are modified by complementary procedures that assimilation and accommodation.In this phase which autumn under the concrete operations phase harmonizing to Jean Piaget, kids have the ability to believe and associate by usage of logical and consistent action.This makes kids aged eight to be in apposition to place and associate the sounds from marimbas to better their music this gives the tonic variation.He agues that it is an a test for one to equilibrate between assimilation and adjustment ( equilibration ) .He came up with the phases of cognitive development based on Peaget`s theory ; Sensory motor phase ( babyhood ) ; in this phase there is no usage of symbols but intelligent is showed by motor activity.Permanency of objects they get at seven months.Interllectuals and few linguistic communication is developed. Pre-operational phase ( early childhood ) ; intelligent is showed through symbols, mature languages.Thinking is egoistic, none logical, non irreversible. Concrete operational phase ( simple and adolescence ) ; there is preservation of weight, volme, mass, figure, country, liquid and lengh.Intelligent relation is of objects in logical and use Formal operational phase ( adolescence and maturity ) ; Intelligence is through abstract in usage of symbols.They are egoistic. Harmonizing to Howard Gardner in 1983, in his theory he says that intelligence as one time described in IQ trial bash non explicate cognitive abilities in all facet from kids.It tells that as kids takes more clip in larning a simple construct may understand deeper the whole construct than kids who learn faster particularly in mathematics ( generation ) .This has brought different reaction because most psychologist expression at it that distinction about the construct of intelligence is non backed up by the practical significance of the attacks from the theory.From the recent cognitive and papers which states that the far to which kids posses assorted types of head makes them execute, understand, retrieve and larn in assorted ways.According to Howard, logical mathematics analysis, musical thought, linguistic communication, spacial representation and an apprehension of other persons. If one can non make the understanding in the strength of these intelligence the intelligent are invoked and used in combination to execute other tasks.He says that from these differences affects the acquisition system that takes all to be taught with the same resources in one manner so that tantamount testing is done to the learner.Our system of instruction is greatly biased to logical quantitative manners, appraisal and linguistically.The learnig ways ( types of intelligence ) ; Musical ; achild conveying out sensitiveness to sounds and beat, due to love to music they learn best with background music.They learn good in lesson which is changed to lyrics.Tools are used like wireless, multimedia, musical instrument. Interpersonal ; kids who enjoys and portion with others, they have sympathy.They learn best in seminars and group activites, composing, E-mail, picture. Ocular Spatial ; the kid know a batch about the environment, pulling physical imagery.Resources charts, exposure Linguistic ; the words are used by childrenfor effectivity, they make narratives or poesy, reading.resourses computing machine, books, games. Visual ; helps kids to acquire concrete construct spatial relationship Sounds ; difference on verbal sound and non-verbal such as music Bodily kinesthetic ; these kids use organic structure esthesis to get constructs, they include terpsichoreans, jocks Logical mathematics ; these kids are interested in forms, perform good in arithmetic, experments From the content affecting bodily kinaesthetic, the cardinal component of the bodily kinaesthetic, intelligence is the ability to utilize one`s bodily motion skilfully and capacity to accomplishments in objects touching.This affect how to utilize marimbas to bring forth music with the right tonic variation.It besides contains a sense of timing, ability to develop responses to be as physiological reactions, a turn outing sense of intent of physical doing.This makes these kids to larn more efficaciously when they use marimbas by affecting their muscular motion ( playing it ) doing them to bask music by singing doing them larn best because they remember through verbal memory. From the continent of musical, it goes with the ability to feel beat, sounds, tones and the musical itself.For kids to hold first-class pitch they ever have high musical intelligence, sometimes absolute pitch and this makes them in a place to assist them accomplish their vocalizing and music aptitude Harmonizing to Gordon Institute for Music Learning ( GIML ) music aptitude like endowment which 1 might hold should be given to achild at early phases of their life.Music aptitude which is dispersed among different population, everyone has the ability to win in music.People have different aptitude, few have low and high aptitude while bulk have neither high nor low but are mean in aptitude.Since typical method of instruction is used achild discoveries it hard to win in music.These kids of mean aptitude receives a batch of tonic content plus rhythmic content more than kids of low aptitude and 1s of high aptitude receives a batch of content than mean ones.This makes instructors to avoid deadening kids and non to emphasize others. Music aptitude can besides be measured but with merely valid music aptitude test.Ones endowment can non be determine by ability to accomplish but on important music achievement.This is because kids gets different rich musical and devoted efforts.However kids can non be judged through aptitude proving to be excluded or included in music activities, all kids have a right to education to music though it helps to provide for the demand of every kid by the teacher.It is indispensable to see the degree of the scholar to place the right music aptitude trial. Researchwhich has been done about the development and stabilised music aptitude shows that music aptitude is developed at immature phases of life.Though at birth aptitude of the kid tend to be inmate, it can change upto age of nine depending of the effectivity and diverseness of the music experience the kid have.Past nine old ages a kid is non able to accomplish in music more than one ‘s old music aptitude.It it of import that kids gets tonss of best quality of formal direction and informal aid in music for them to place their ability to music achievement in the phases of their life.It is of import to hold informal music experience before making five old ages old. There are two types of music aptitude ; stabilized and development.Music aptitude is besides multidimensional, and the papers has addendums which are ; improvisation, types of phases of auditory, music acquisition theory and orientation intentionality as constituent of creative.As a kid is taught utilizing the marimbas they tend to develop musical aptitude at this degree ( eight old ages ) .This makes achild to associate the sounds produced by marimbas with the music so that a comprehensive tone realisation and tone improvisation is achieved. There are many different types of music aptitude trials that can be done by the instructors to place the type scholar are being taken attention of.According to Gordon ( 1997 ) theory we have two major one ‘s ; The complete IQ Test ; look intoing how smart one is from the head The complete aptitude Test ; it involves intelligence whether in words or Numberss Others involves ; Test of analytical accomplishment, it test pulling accomplishments The Acuity skill trial ; it involve simple repetation activity The Technical Skill Test ; how one can technically and automatically experience things Verbal Reasoning Test ; it involves word logical thinking The subject of the research on consequence of harmonic concomitant or direction on music developmental music aptitude kids vocal development was to happen the consequence of harmonic concomitant to the kids on tonic improvisation.Some chief purpose of the research were ; to happen if age affect tonic improvisation public presentation of kids at different classs ; happen if increasing root tune concomitant to direction of the vocal affect the usage of harmonic beat and alterations tonic improvisation.For comprehensive music course of study there must be improvisation.through that kids can show their feeling and ideas on music.The kid should be in apposition to show themselves by words.Due to direction kids are able to: better form of tones ( Balasko 1987 ) ; used harmonic intents and retain key and key while improvizing ( Giulbault2004 ) ; coming up with music that have musical construction ; retain metre and steady round ( Kalmer 1987 ) Guilbault ‘s research was to happen if root tune concomitant is added to direction of the vocal which may interfear with tonic improvisation children.It farther pointed that kids who finds song direction with tune of the root concomitant ; used implied harmonic intents and retain tonic and cardinal when improvising. Journal of research in music instruction says that a kid applies ability and map of harmonic to retain cardinal and key while bettering xylophones.Kalmer and Balasko ( 1987 ) analysed pre-school kids when doing marimbas with local available stuffs and playing it to place the figure of responses and thoughts. Harmonizing to Partchey ‘s ( 1987 ) research was of integrity, identifiable beat form, steady pulsation and assortment which are kids ability.Form, pitch, continuance and intestify was done by Wig ( 1981 ) .The result of the research by Guilbault ( 2004 ) found the extra root tune concomitant to song direction affects child tonic improvisation described that achild who got song direction and root tune accompaniment stabilise the key and tonic along with implied harmonic maps on improvizing significantly more than those who had non received instruction.It was merely used for specific immature ages population. To place whether there was pre bing music aptitude kids of first class, 2nd class and 3rd class before intervention were used on the beat subtest and tonal of the Primary Measures of Music Audition ( PMMA ) .This was done by ( Gordon 1979 ) .This was because of different on control group and intervention since kids with lower aptitude may non hold performed as the 1s in high music aptitude ( Gordon2007 ) This made the sub trial for tonic and beat of Intermediate Measures of Music Audiation ( IMMA ) which were done earlier intervention to 4th class, 5th class and 6th grade.For one had non been asingle pupil which had experience with improvising earlier, as it grow through sequenced acquisition The first acquisition of direction is based on primary on music acquisition theory which involves orff activities.These are made up of direction of tonic form, ,identifying of tonic and rhythm form map, tonic and rhythm form direction, vocalizing, playing pitch and unpitched instrument, intoning amongst others. Improvisation activities affecting control and intervention was made up of events incorporating quinine water and dominant map form in major and harmonic child keies which were either same or different ; development events ; colloquial improvisation ; utilizing major and harmonic minor keies when singing new stoping or altering portion of known song.On the intervention group, the 6th class category assigned one randomly but the remainder of the class foremost, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th were assigned two per grade.They involved them in a root tune concomitant which was presented by research worker when pupil sang pitch instrument ; by pupil as research worker present s vocal ; utilizing voice recordings ; by pupil when another one is showing a song.The control group had one random assigned to foremost, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th class category where two random assigned to 2nd class class.Everything about vocalizing was done in cappella. The lone different direction which was being given to the pupils at the classs was usage of root tune concomitant other instructions was same When the trial was done of the station instructional public presentation was that the consequences were there there was no significance differences from PMMAandIMMMA composite aptitude tonss between the intervention group and control in every degree of gradesThe consequence of harmonic concomitant on singing achievement involves vocal development where the consequence of diverse harmonic concomitant has been based on the six class pupils where the sub trial was administered.This is harmonizing to Petzold ( 1966 ) .This is to look into the possible to sing melodious fragment accurately.The research involved three accompaniment types: primary chords within simple chord patterned advance, sustained individual chords and secondary chords on inversion within complex chord progression.From non specific method of choosing,540 kids were taken randomly.Three sorts of harmony trial were created. The first one, stimulation which was presented with a melodious line with harmonic concomitant which the kid was to hear and to respond by singing the melodious piece soon heard.Without holding the melodious line of the harmonic concomitant, the kid was to respond.The 2nd one though like the first one, the kid was to answer while non utilizing harmonic accompaniment.The 3rd one had neither response nor stimulation from harmonic intervention. The research found easy chords of tonic, sub-dominant and dominant used had greater singing for children.According to Petzold ( 1996 ) kids are able to sing absolutely when an concomitant by easy ( I ) , ( four ) and ( V ) in his five twelvemonth longitudinal study.The analysis was that harmonic concomitant offer the key and can be reinforce being cognizant of the vocalist of the tonic centre of a song.This analysis is backed up by Gordon ( 1997 ) and Azzara ( 1999 ) in their research.This was different from Gordon ( 1982 ) research which involved music aptitude trial and of the latest.From the latest research acquisition, playing and singing utilizing marimbas ( bamboo ) is given a opportunity to the children.The research was taken to hold 12weeks music lesson program from foreword for mention for it had no lesson program giving uncertainty whether all music direction was given to the kids. From the research done by Sterling ( 1984 ) singing position, vocal external respiration preparation and vocal warm up had no direction unlike present survey had three proceedingss at the beginning of each lesson of vocal techniques as studied by Guilbout ( 2003 ) .He considered extra root tune concomitant as harmonic concomitant consequence on vocal direction on the development of tonic aptitude, tonic accomplishment and tonic improvisation of first class and kindergarten kids The result showed that song direction with a root tune concomitant to developmental tonic aptitude and tonic accomplishment of immature kids had no importance.Because vocal direction got by kids with root concomitant from root tune made public presentation of these kids higher than the 1s which had no root tune accompaniment.Most of the research was based on the music aptitude development of a child.Though at that place was different in the footing of the research like present survey ne'er used pre-test and post-test as indicated by Gordon ( 1982 ) they believed that they had given a sense which is adequate to reason the consequence of bamboo ( marimbas ) as harmonic concomitant. Decision The ability for one to recognize and improvize the tonic as affected by harmonic accompaniment depend on how different phases of life received direction on vocal with a root tune accompaniment.Activities at different phases contribute a batch to the ability of kids and the accomplishments which kids can perform.Instrument lend a batch to the important growing and development of organic structure kinaesthetic intelligent skillfully.It is of import that the cognition and the accomplishments that a kid needs for them to hold accomplishment in vocalizing and improvisation activities is done at the early phases of life ( immature ) which is recommended non to transcend the age of nine.Instrument makes the learning easier for immature ages for the instructor, this is because even though they find it difficult to improvisation activities theorically, they under base best when affecting them in larning practically and giving them a opportunity to interact more with the instrument. Marimbas contribute a batch to placing different tonic variation.As they enjoy music, they develop senses of timing, ability to develop response to be as automatic doing marimbas as effectual when used in learning.Different researches ‘ done by research workers arrives at a common thought about the effects of marimbas harmonic concomitant on the tone accomplishment and tone improvisation of immature kids ; this qualify xylophones harmonic concomitant to hold positive consequence on music accomplishment of immature kids.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Dangers of Cell Phone Use While Driving - 562 Words

It has been reported that roughly 660,000 U.S citizens use their cell phones while driving on a daily basis. You are four times more likely to get into an accident if you are talking on your cell phone and twenty-three times more likely to get into a car crash if you are texting while driving. Reports have also shown that 11% of drivers who are between the ages of 15-19 were distracted at the time of a fatal crash. A cell phone distracted 21% of those drivers at the time of the fatal crash. Of the drivers under the age of 18, 46% of them have admitted to texting while driving. Over the past decade law enforcement has been cracking down on cell phone use and driving. It has been deemed extremely dangerous and can cause serious accidents and in some cases even death. If you are talking on your cell phone your reaction time becomes slower and does not give you enough time to respond to potentially harmful situation. California currently has three laws involving cell phone use and driving. The first California cell phone law bans any cell phone or wireless phone use while driving and if you are under the age of 18 you are banned from using a hands free device. The third law involving cell phones prohibits texting while driving, which can be equally dangerous. The cell phone laws do not affect passengers of the vehicle; this law only applies to the driver of the vehicle. Handheld cell phones can only be used if there is an emergency, if the person using the cell phone is onShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Dangers of Cell Phone Use While Driving604 Words   |  3 PagesFor years, people who driving under influence leading causes of road accidents in many countries. Many people have a cell phone and some even call their cell phone their life line. The cell phone is a provider of very important information such as addresses, phone numbers, and important dates. However, while the cell phone has many positive attributes like keeping people in touch, the cell phone becomes very dangerous when a person decides to drive and use it.This obliged many countries especiallyRead MoreDangers of Cell Phone Use While Driving Essay1306 Words   |  6 Pageslast few decades, the use of cell phones has become a very common tool. Furthermore, Technology has certainly advanced, and the cell phone is becoming the most preferred mode of communication. The demand for a cell phone is growing every day. In addition, the use of wireless technology is affordable, and anyone can buy a cell phone at a reasonable price. They come in all shapes and sizes. They range f rom black to bright metallic white. American public use of cell phones is increasing everydayRead More Cell Phones And Driving: Dangers Involved with Cell Phone Use While Driving1036 Words   |  5 Pagesoften. Talking on the cell phone and driving has become a very popular thing these days. Technology is coming out with the newest phones that can do everything for you and people are attracted to that. There are people that don’t have hands free and drive their car with only one hand, people that text and totally take their eye off the road and type conversations to each other. Bluetooth is another technological breakthrough where you wear an ear piece and can receive phone calls by one touch ofRead MoreCell Phones in the Hands of Drivers:1096 Words   |  5 PagesCell Phones in the Hands of Drivers: A Risk or a Benefit? As of 2000, there were about ninety million cell phone users in the United States, with 85% of them using their phones while on the road (Sundeen 1). Because of evidence that cell phones impair drivers by distracting them, some states have considered laws restricting their use in moving vehicles. Proponents of legislation correctly point out that using phones while driving can be dangerous. The extent of the danger, however, is a matterRead MoreThe Epidemic of Texting and Driving Essay1478 Words   |  6 PagesAutomobile crashes as a result of texting while driving is an epidemic that has taken over the nation in the past years. In today’s society, people have become more and more dependent on technology as everyday uses. How many can honestly say that they have text and driven? How many have had to swerve, stop on the brakes or almost gotten into an accident because of it? Texting while driving is the most common thing that almost everyone has done or seen. The main iss ue and threat is that peopleRead MoreCell Phones in the Hands of Drivers: a Risk or Benefit?1570 Words   |  7 PagesCell Phones in the Hands of Drivers A Risk or a Benefit Ariana Laguna English 102 Professor Barnes/Walter 10 December 2012 Outline THESIS: Unless the risks of cell phones are shown to outweigh the benefits, we should not restrict their use in moving vehicles: instead, we should educate the public about the dangers of driving while phoning and prosecute irresponsible phone users under laws on negligent and reckless driving. I. Scientific studies havent proved a link between use ofRead MoreThe Dangers Of Texting While Driving1561 Words   |  7 PagesEnglish 015 18 September 2014 â€Å"Almost Home† With the society we live in today, a cell phone almost becomes a necessity. Although cell phones come in handy and even make life a little easier, our cell phone usage is becoming a threat to us. There are several ways in which this powerful object can be dangerous. Texting while driving is one danger many do not realize until something drastic happens. Texting while driving is not only a threat to us, but as well as other drivers, passengers, and pedestriansRead MoreIs Texting Your Friends Or Family More Important Than Your Life? Essay789 Words   |  4 Pagestheir cell phone while driving. â€Å"One out of every four car accidents in the United States is caused by texting and driving.†(Cell Phone Use While Driving Statistics) Using a cell phone while driving is dangerous, distracting, harmful, and may cause accidents. According to statistics, every day about 66,000 people try to use their phones while driving. â€Å"The National Safety Council reports that cell phone use while driving leads to 1.6 million crashes each year.†(Cell Phone Use While DrivingRead MoreStop the Use of Cell Phones While Driving854 Words   |  4 Pages13 2013 Many people driving don’t know that they can be so many wrongs they can be doing without realizing it. Plenty talk on the phone while driving, drink, text and drive. A lot of people even innocent people as well have had accidents involving one of those. Out of the three there has been one that has become more common, and it’s only increasing if people don’t put a stop to it themselves. A usage of a cell phone should not be displayed at any point while driving. It can wait many have hadRead MoreImportance Of Cell Phone Safety Essay1056 Words   |  5 PagesThe cell phone safety In spite of the fact that cell phones convey a few expediency and advantages to our lives, they additionally have some possibly unsafe impacts. Disclosure of cell phones has been one of the critical technological progress lately. A portion of these effects has contributed emphatically to our lives, yet at the same time, others have affected contrarily. The cell phones have had a noticeable effect on the social life of individuals. In any case, cell phones have accompanied

Friday, December 27, 2019

Music Is An Important Source Of Employment - 1300 Words

Every day, people of all ages listen to different kinds of music, with musical taste varying from person to person. It is no surprise how music has the ability to evolve as time goes on, making it versatile and adaptive to the changing times . With that change, the value of music has increased tremendously, playing a bigger role in the lives of individuals. Today, people use music to cope with the issues of everyday life, providing an escape from reality. Furthermore, music is an important source of employment, as people’s careers, such as singing and radio hosting, depend on the music industry. With such high relevance in the world, music has changed people over time, growing and reinventing itself ever since it was created. It has proven to be an instrumental key towards the advancement of society, providing not only a pleasure to the ears but acting as medicine for the ailments of the soul. Emphasizing specifically on the music from the 1980’s to the modern era of th e 2000’s, music has reflected the turmoils of the time period, giving music a whole new meaning and proving its meaningful place in society. There have been many technological advances in how music is made and how instruments are designed to produce the desired sounds, completely changing the style in which music is produced. Different music genres carry different tones, catering towards the diverse likings of the world population. From rock, pop, Christian, country, rap to classical music, all of theseShow MoreRelatedEvents Industrys Impact on Regional Development1275 Words   |  6 Pagesdestination awareness and increasing civic pride. Janecko, Mules and Ritchie (2002) explain events in small regional destinations are obviously beneficial and often play an important role in tourism development and thereby in regional development however, differ due to size and scale of the event. Global events create employment and increase labour supply, expenditures and even the standard of living. ‘As local economics have adapted to changing to global dynamics, the hosting of international eventsRead MoreWhat Is Intellectual Property?1338 Words   |  5 Pagesis intangible, it is more difficult to protect than other types of property. Due to its monetary implications, intellectual property is often used as a legal term to safeguard the rights of creators and inventors. It has also become increasingly important to media production companies who need to protect the distribution of their digital media. By defining and establishing intellectual property rights, innovators and creators can have legal protection of their ideas and creations such as- copyrightingRead MoreQuestions On The Computer Anatomy1681 Words   |  7 PagesCommunications 8 Professional Emails 8 Making yourself look good online 8 Internet Acceptable Use Policy 8 Digital Dossier 9 Online Dangers 9 Getting that job 10 Research 11 Web Searching 11 Website Guidelines 11 Copyright 12 Plagiarism Citing Sources 13 Microsoft Excel 14 Basics 14 Formulas 6 Advanced 6 Presentations 6 Microsoft Access 7 Rubric 8 â€Æ' The Workstation Computer Anatomy There are a lot of things in the computer system that help the computer work. They all have different objectivesRead MoreEssay on Culture And Music Reflection1054 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Alma Diaz Laura Pawuk HON 201 9 September, 2014 Culture Music Reflection Culture is defined as the belief systems and value orientations that influence customs, norms, practices, and social institutions, including psychological processes and organizations It acknowledges that all individuals are cultural beings and have a cultural, ethnic, and racial heritage. Culture has been described as the personification of a worldview through learned and transmitted beliefs, values, and practices, includingRead MoreFilm Industry : Creative Industry1035 Words   |  5 Pagesfor example computer games, design, music, publishing, architecture, film and video, crafts, visual arts, fashion, TV and radio, advertising, literature, and the performing arts. What describing them in this way does, is that it explores them as a serious part of the economy. It means that apart from being socially important, they also have an importance for the economy. The sector is made up of 13 distinct industries – film, software and computer services, music, advertising, architecture, art andRead MoreThe Roaring 20s Were A Prosperous Time For Many1353 Words   |  6 Pagessome jazz music or go dancing. This time period was all about new inventions and having fun but also there was a lot a separation of what class people were in. The upper class used all the new inventions and the lower class did not use any high technology inventions because they were poor. Immigrants usually were in the lower class or in the middle class depending on what kind of occupation they had. Immigration in the 1920s led to drastic changes in population. Immigration was very important becauseRead MoreFilm Analysis : Movie, Film, And Films1706 Words   |  7 Pagesworld. Films have the power to hypnotize, bringing its viewer to certain realms. With its power to subdue its subject, film becomes a vocal tool to get inside people’s mind. Just like literatur e, film also creates and promotes cultures. Why It Is Important From time to time, this medium has been misused by a large number of people in the industry, to sell propagandas and deceitful agendas. Hollywood gives influences the whole world and set a certain paradigm of thought to the world. A very few ChristianRead MoreWorks Made For Hire : The General Rule Of Copyright Ownership1574 Words   |  7 Pagescategory, there are two classifications: (1) works created by an employee within the scope of employment and (2) specially commissioned works (Bouchoux, 2012). Employees, under the first classification, are determined by common law agency principles (Bouchoux, 2012). Meaning that â€Å"[i]f the person doing the work is an employee under common law agency principles and the work was done in the scope of employment, the employer†¦is the copyright owner† (Bouchoux, 2012, p. 232). While the determining factorsRead MoreThe Rise Of The Melodrama1714 Words   |  7 PagesIbsen. Melodrama is a collective name to refer to open group of films that the majority of reviewers refers to as romance, thrillers, and drama. The melodrama as a source of entertainment is believed to have spread rapidly in the nineteenth century due to the growth of industrial revolution and urban development (McHugh 41). It is important to note that this genre is multi-disciplinary in its nature as it accepts elements from another category of films, hence the open name category. Therefore, melodramaRead MoreAnglo American Folk Music1209 Words   |  5 PagesAng lo American Folk Music is considered as the traditional and typically anonymous music that is an expression of the life of people in a community and passed on through generation. Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. Folk music arose, and best survives, in societies not yet affected by mass communication and the commercialization of culture. It normally was shared and performed by the entire community (not by a special class of expert performers), and was

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Questions On Economics And Finance - 2149 Words

ECON1009 – INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS AND FINANCE SP2, 2016 Answer ALL the questions, as listed below, following the instructions provided in the Course Outline (Assessment #3 - Take Home Examination, pages 9-10). QUESTION 1 Using appropriate diagrams, discuss how an increase or an improvement in the following non-price determinants of supply would change equilibrium prices and quantities. (a) Technology, (b) Input/resource prices, (c) Taxes and subsidies, and (d) Expectations of producers. (4*5=20 Marks) QUESTION 2 Suppose South Australian consumers’ average incomes increase from $3,000 to $3,400 per month, which then results in an increase in the quantity of smartphones demanded from 15,000 to18,500. You are required to do the following: (a) Calculate the income elasticity of demand (Ey), (b) Interpret the income elasticity of demand coefficient, and (c) Explain whether smartphone is a normal good or a luxury good or an inferior good and why? (10+5+5=20 marks) QUESTION 3 (a) What is ‘demand-pull’ inï ¬â€šation and how does it differ from ‘cost-push’ inï ¬â€šation? Demand-pull inflation is the term used to describe (b) When the economy approaches full employment, why does demand-pull inï ¬â€šation become a problem? (10+10=20 marks) QUESTION 4 Using the following ATO tax rates for 2015-2016 calculate: (a) How much tax a person would pay with a gross income of $100,000 and expenses of $1,500 for vehicle and travel; $500 for clothing, laundry and dry-cleaning; $200 for gifts andShow MoreRelatedMonitoring and evaluation1235 Words   |  5 PagesDevelopment Finance Monitoring and Evaluation Lecture-I Dec 2, 2013 Learning objectives 1 What is development? 2 Emergence of development economics 3 Development planning in India 4 Evaluating development programmes 5 What is impact evaluation? 6 Types of evaluation 7 Evidence-based policy making 8 Evaluation questions; hypotheses and performance indicators Development Finance (IFMR) Monitoring and Evaluation Dec 2,2013 2 / 11 Read MoreCase 11 6 Lessee Ltd Essay671 Words   |  3 Pages Case 11-6 deals with Lessee Ltd., a company that operates in Britain and uses IFRS. The question in this case is how to classify a lease that Lessee, Ltd. acquired from Lessor Inc. The accounting standard that deals with leases under IFRS is IAS 17. IAS 17 was originally issued in September 1982 and was reissued in December 2003. It classifies leases as either finance leases or operating leases. Finance leases make it so that the lessee recognizes an asset and a liability and the lessor recognizesRead MoreWhat Language Do You Speak? Essay735 Words   |  3 PagesWhat language do you speak? During a conversation last week I was asked â€Å"What languages do you speak?† Given that the potential opportunity has multiple languages involved it is a valid question. Now fast forward to a conversation I had this weekend where this question was asked in another matter and for different purpose. How do you communicate the value you bring to your client or put it in another way â€Å"What language do you speak?† I’ve learn an exceptionally noteworthy lesson both at GeneralRead MoreWhat Languages Do You Speak? Essay911 Words   |  4 PagesWhat languages do you speak? During a conversation last month I was asked â€Å"What languages do you speak?† Given that the potential opportunity has multiple languages involved it is a valid question. Now fast forward to a conversation I had this weekend where this question was asked in another matter and for different purpose. How do you communicate the value you bring to your client/business partner or put it in another context â€Å"What languages do you speak?† I learn an exceptionally noteworthy lessonRead MoreBrief Introduction Overview of McGraw Hills 9th Edition of Fundamentals of Corporate Finance655 Words   |  3 PagesFundamentals of Corporate Finance – Ross, Westerfield, Jordan McGraw Hill Education (India), 2012, 878 Pp 9th edition ISBN: 13:978-1-25-9027628 Kumar Ratnesh* About Authors Stephen A. Ross is the Franco Modigliant Professor of Finance Economics at the Sloan School of management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Randolph W. Westerfield is Dean Emeritus of the University of Southern California’s Marshall school of Business. Bradford D. Jordan is Professor of Finance Holder of the RichardRead MoreResearch Proposal1706 Words   |  7 PagesMOI UNIVERSITY MAIN CAMPUS SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS. Course: RESEARCH METHODS Course code: ECO 217 Task: GROUP ASSIGNMENT NAMES REG. NO. SIGN 1. HUSSEIN IBRAHIM ABDIRAHMAN ECO/201/O9 †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 2. THIONG AGUTORead MoreWhy Do Firms Choose Their Capital Structure?1623 Words   |  7 Pagesacquire and how to finance those investments: with equity, debt or a combination of both (Myers, 2001). The study of capital structure tries to clarify this variety of securities and financing opportunities. In accounting terms, this decision is situated on the right-hand side of the balance sheet (Myers, 2001). In his Capital Structure Puzzle article, Myers (1984) poses the question â€Å"How do firms choose their capital structure?†. But even today, there is no right solution to this question. In the literatureRead MoreThe Role and Impact of Microfinance Institutions on Ghana’s Economy.1472 Words   |  6 PagesASSIGNMENT (a)  Ã‚   Using the 8 questions in page 75 of your text book but start reading from page 71 under the heading of - Determining what to research, and stop at the 8 questions. , propose a research topic and Justify it choice. Proposed Research Topic: The Role and Impact of Microfinance Institutions on Ghana’s Economy. Topic Area: The topic is on Microfinance and the Impact It has on Ghana’s Economy. Microfinance is often defined as financial services for poor and low-incomeRead MoreEfficient Market Hypothesis1521 Words   |  7 Pages13 Efficient Market Hypothesis Road Map Part A Introduction to Finance. Part B Valuation of assets, given discount rates. Part C Determination of discount rates. Part D Introduction to corporate finance. †¢ Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). †¢ Capital investment decisions (capital budgeting). †¢ Financing decisions. Main Issues †¢ Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) †¢ Empirical evidence on EMH †¢ Implications of EMH †¢ Questions and practical issues about EMH 13-2 Efficient Market HypothesisRead MorePersonal Finance Of The United States1201 Words   |  5 PagesPersonal Finance in the U.S. Personal Finance has always been an emotional topic in the United States. Today, many Americans are generating unlimited wealth and living exceptional lives, while others are struggling to make ends meet. Evidently, people’s actions and beliefs are the deciding factors in their achievement of wealth. So, this huge gap in wealth between rich and poor people has a special connection with the philosophy and attitude of each individual toward personal finance. Merriam-Webster